Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based therapeutic model recommended by the NHS.
CBT assumes that emotions and behaviours are determined by thinking. Emotional disorders result from negative and unrealistic thinking so by altering maladapted thinking emotional disturbance is reduced. CBT identifies what drives your behaviour, and helps you gain an understanding of emotions and also the consequences of certain repetitive behaviours.Understanding the process of our thoughts, emotions and behaviours can facilitate change.
The NHS usually offers short term CBT. Short-term CBT can be effective although at times it can be a short-term fix and in the future the same self-sabotaging can ensue. This doesn’t mean that you have failed but rather the CBT therapy in isolation hasn’t been long enough.
CBT focuses on irrational thoughts (cognitions) and behaviours that stem from underlying maladapted core beliefs i.e. what we believe about ourselves for example “I am not good enough” or “I am a failure”. Irrational thoughts are unhelpful and can result in feeling anxious and depressed. Underlying these irrational thoughts are maladapted core beliefs and as a result of this we behave in certain ways that can be self-sabotaging and harmful.
CBT is structured and has useful tools and techniques in order to give insight into thoughts, emotions and behaviours.
CBT is useful in working with panic attacks, anxiety disorders, substance abuse, depression and eating disorders.